red osier dogwood

December 01, 2020 | mins read

Cultivars are plants produced in cultivation by selective breeding or via vegetative propagation from wild plants identified to have desirable traits.". Adding a pop of vibrant color in the snowy, dull months of winter, Cornus sericea (Red Osier Dogwood) is a medium-sized ornamental shrub with incredible appeal. It has sometimes been considered a synonym of the Asian species Cornus alba. … Native Americans use the inner bark in tobacco mixtures in the sacred pipe ceremony. 2020 University of Minnesota Extension discovers science-based solutions, delivers practical education, and engages Minnesotans to build a better future. This dwarf variety reaches just 3-5' feet rather than the 8-10' of conventional red-twig dogwood. It is also known as red dogwood, redstem dogwood, and red willow. Find this dogwood in moist soils near wetlands and rivers throughout North America, from Newfoundland and New York to Alaska, B.C. Red Osier Dogwood is a multi-stemmed deciduous shrub with a more or less rounded form. RANGE & HABITAT. Cut back hard and plant in sun to encourage the brightest stem colors. – Dogwood for a list of the most common pests in Minnesota. This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's. Besides attractive, red stems in the winter, red-osier dogwood has yellowish-white flowers that appear in late May to early June,  and bluish-white fruit borne in late summer. Rapidly-growing, adaptable to most soils including wet soils, it features spectacular decorative features : stunning fall color, attractive berries, vibrant red or golden … sericea ‘Cardinal’):   8 to 10 feet high and wide;  spreading form with orange-red fall color and cherry-red winter stems; resistant to leaf spots.Pucker Up! Red Osier Dogwood derives its name from its smooth vibrant red twigs which are most noticeable in the winter after leaves have fallen off. Building the urban forest for 2050. The Red Osier Dogwood is a free-spreading shrub with many upright stems. Cornus sericea, commonly known as red twig dogwood or red osier dogwood, is an upright-spreading, suckering shrub that typically grows in the absence of pruning to 6-9’ tall with a slightly larger spread.With the exception of the lower midwest and deep South, this species is native to much of North … Cornus sericea, commonly known as red twig dogwood or red osier dogwood, is an upright-spreading, suckering shrub that typically grows in the absence of pruning to 6-9’ tall with a slightly larger spread.With the exception of the lower midwest and deep South, this species is native to much of North … As a landscape plant, redosier dogwood is extremely versatile. Arctic Fire ® Red dogwood has beautiful red stems and a compact habit and is at its in the winter sunlight. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Opposite, simple, 2 to 5 inch oblong to ovate leaves;  medium green, lighter underneath,  changing to reddish-purple fall color. Stem canker is common on this species, leaf spots. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Red winter stems of 'Cardinal' (Cornus sericea) is a shrub native to Minnesota with colorful red or yellow winter bark that provides great winter interest.As a landscape plant, redosier dogwood is extremely versatile. Other names include red br… red-osier dogwood (Cornus sericea ssp. Red osier dogwood (Cornus sericea), also called red twig dogwood, is a deciduous shrub that brings color and texture to the garden each season, adding curb appeal to your home. Over 98 species of birds, including flicker, tanager, woodpeckers, and catbird are attracted to the plant’s fruit and use the plant as shelter. Similar species: • Silky Dogwood (Cornus obliqua) - has striped bark. The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. Ranges from Maine to Manitoba and south. Noteworthy Characteristics. Go to list of cultivars. The “osier” in red-osier is French, meaning willow-like, and it is frequently called red willow or redstem dogwood due to its conspicuous red stems. If left unpruned plants reach 7 to 9 feet high and 10 feet wide. Places along stream banks and shorelines are ideal. Red osier dogwood is a deciduous shrub with a rounded, spreading form. All rights reserved. Red Osier Dogwood (Cornus stolonifera) Description: This low spreading shrub, seldom reaching more than 4 feet (1.2 m) in height, is easily identified by its red bark. To retain stems with good red color, remove a few of the oldest stems to the ground every spring. Red osier dogwood (Cornus sericea L. ssp. Visit What's wrong with my shrub? Regents of the University of Minnesota. Red twig dogwood shrubs should be planted somewhere in your yard where they can be easily viewed from a window, to take advantage of their status as top-notch specimen plants for winter landscapes. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. This dogwood will form thickets. Use one as a specimen planting anywhere you’d like a splash of brilliant color amid the drab hues of your winter yard. Soil / Climate: The Red Osier dogwood is tolerant of dry sites, but prefers wet areas along streams and ponds. and northern California. It is even found on the west coast of the United States and down into the … Native range extends over much of North America, except southeastern and lower midwestern states; from Newfoundland to Manitoba, south to the central United States. Cardinal Red Osier Dogwood is a deciduous shrub with ornamental stems. Ecological Framework for Cornus sericea The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range. Cardinal  red-osier dogwood (Cornus sericea ssp. Because of its native status, soil adaptability and tolerance of flooding and wet soils, redosier dogwood is also used along shorelines and in rain gardens. The whitish 4-petaled flowers develop in flat-topped cymes at branch ends. Known both as C. sericea and C. stolonifera, our native Red Osier or Red Twig Dogwood is one of our most beautiful shrubs and is ideal for the wetter parts of your garden.. Cornus sericea: Red Twig Dogwood The outstanding red winter stem color that gives this plant its name and distinct beauty is only one, albeit the most … (Cornus sericea) is a shrub native to Minnesota with colorful red or yellow winter bark that provides great winter interest. The redosier dogwood is native to North America, with a range that extends over most of the United States from Newfoundland to Mexico, California to Virginia. But its inner bark does have an alternative analgesic, coronic acid, for a salicylate-free pain killer. Red osier dogwood (Cornus sericea or Cornus stolonifera) is a quick-growing landscape shrub known for the bright red color of its bark in winter on new growth, responsible for the name of the plant. It has a fibrous root system which is great for soil stabilization. Other common names: Red Osier Cornel Other scientific names: Cornus sericea Family: Dogwood Family (Cornaceae) Group: Dogwoods Distinctive features: Shrub; This shrub has distinctive red bark and usually grows in wet areas.Twigs have white pith. Bluish-white fruit (drupe) ripens in late summer. Red-osier dogwood is a large, 7- to 9-foot erect shrub best suited where the background, such as evergreens, will show off the dark red winter stems. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Cornus sericea . It may be possible to increase the productivity of your fertilization efforts while raising your pH to a minimum of 6 … It grows vigorously and spreads by underground stems … sericea 'Neil Z'): A 3 to 4 feet high and wide upright shrub with glossy, puckered leaves and red twigs. Red Osier Dogwood - Cornus sericea is a Flowering Native Perennial. Our future. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition. Red-Osier dogwood is a shrub (1-4 metres tall) with pointed oval leaves, bright red stems, white/green flowers and small white or blueish berries. It is little used in modern herbalism. The redosier dogwood is native to North America, with a range that extends over most of the United States from Newfoundland to Mexico, California to Virginia. The following menu has 3 levels. Remove the oldest third of stems down to the base of the plant every year or two to promote growth of the younger, colorful stems. Red-osier dogwood, redosier dogwood, red osier dogwood, red twig dogwood. 1 1/2 to 2 inch flat-topped clusters of white flowers. © • Round-leaved Dogwood … Use enter to activate. Have tree and plant questions? It is often used to stabilize streambanks and revegetate wetlands because it readily suckers to form dense thickets. From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. Our communities. Red Dogwood (Cornus stolonifera) provides dense cover for nesting birds. Cornus stolonifera Red-osier Dogwood (also known as Cornus sericea)Range . Whitish berries, red tinged autumn foliage and bright red bark provide striking fall and winter interest. Use them i… It’s a unique and versatile plant that would look great in many locations. There is a variety of Red-Osier Dogwood, var. Plant a few along your property line for an awesome border. It is also known as red dogwood, redstem dogwood, and red willow. In late summer, younger stems turn to red or yellow-green and color intensifies throughout winter. Cornus sericea is a 3 to 9 foot tall shrub that can be recognized by its flat, umbrella-like cluster of small four or five-petal white flowers and oval … , with updates made according to current research. Cornaceae – Dogwood family Genus: Cornus L. – dogwood Species: Cornus sericea L. – redosier dogwood Subordinate Taxa. Budd's red-osier dogwood (Cornus sericea ssp. Our trees. Stop by, email, or call. Very adaptable to soil conditions, including wet soils. Noteworthy Characteristics. baileyi, that is found in the sand dune region along Lake Michigan. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. It can be used as an accent, specimen or key plant, and in groups and large masses for borders and screens. Its leaves, although smaller than red-osier dogwood, have similar prominent parallel veins and latex. It has clusters of bright red, fleshy fruits with a single hard seed. Red Osier Dogwood; Redtwig Dogwood; Tatarian Dogwood; Previously known as: Cornus stolonifera; Phonetic Spelling KOR-nus san-GWIN-ee-ah Description. Red osier, despite dogwoods being called dogwood willows, isn’t a true willow and doesn’t have salicin in the fresh bark. Fall color is reddish-purple. Tolerant of shade conditions. Cornus sericea, syn. Clusters of small, 4-petaled, white flowers in mid-May to June; second bloom occurs in July and August, Small, round, white to pale blue berries July through September, Adaptable to very poor to well-drained soils; soil compaction tolerant, Soil pH: 6.1 to 8.5; have your soil tested by the U of M Soil Testing Lab, Suckers may need to be removed to maintain plant width. Red-osier dogwood is a large erect shrub best suited where the background, such as evergreens, will show off the dark red winter stems. Habitat: Grows on moist low lying areas. For best flowering and winter color grow in full sun. It can be used as an accent, specimen or key plant, and in groups and large masses for borders and screens. It has small flat clusters of white flowers, producing white berries. In contrast to the typical variety (described above), this … This plant thrives in moist sites along ponds or river banks. The red-osier dogwood (Cornus stolonifera) is also known as American dogwood, red willow, and redstem dogwood. Red osier dogwood was widely employed by several native North American Indian tribes who valued it especially for its astringent and tonic bark, using it both internally and externally to treat diarrhoea, fevers, skin problems etc. This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. Besides attractive, red stems in the winter, red-osier dogwood has yellowish-white flowers that appear in late May to early June and bluish-white fruit borne in late summer. For optimal display, it is advisable to grow them against a wall that receives ample sunlight from the south or west in winter. Synonyms: Cornus sericea Other Name: Red-stemmed Dogwood, Red Dogwood Wetland Indicator Status: FACW Several of our native s… A large to medium upright shrub reaching 7 to 10 feet high and wide. Red Osier Dogwood, PA Ecotype An attractive stoloniferous shrub; the thick, low vegetation provides excellent habitat for wildlife; the abundant fruit is eaten by birds; the bright red stems provide winter color; white fruit. Red osier-dogwood is an excellent plant for restoration purposes. This plant is a cultivar of a species that is native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. sericea 'Budd's Yellow): A 6 to 8 feet high and 5-6 feet wide rounded shrub with bright yellow stems. The brightly-colored bark occurs on stems that are less than 3 years old, so rejuvenation pruning should be a regular practice. Gray Dogwood has gray or brown twigs, while the young shoots and leaves of Rough-Leaved Dogwood are more hairy than those of Red-Osier Dogwood. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. It is adaptable to both wet and dry sites as well as a variety of soil types. It's even shade tolerant, although you'll have the brightest color in full sun. Young stems  turn an attractive red in the winter. This species was formerly known as Cornus stolonifera. This species was … Bergeson's Compact red-osier dogwood (Cornus sericea ssp. C. stolonifera, Swida sericea, red osier or red-osier dogwood, is a species of flowering plant in the family Cornaceae, native throughout northern and western North America from Alaska east to Newfoundland, south to Durango and Nuevo León in the west, and Illinois and Virginia in the east. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Extension is expanding its online education and resources to adapt to COVID-19 restrictions. Its smaller size makes this variety a great breakthrough for smaller gardens or residential landscapes. This plant has some cultivated varieties. Natively, it is … (Updated August, 2013) The bark and the root bark are analgesic, astringent, febrifuge, … Depending on the season, it can have flat clusters of white sweet-scented flowers, white berries, and green to red … Leaves are typical of dogwoods, with distinct veins running towards the tip, while buds are small and 'Alleman's Compact' - 5 feet tall by 5 feet wide, good fall color, compact form, 'Cardinal' - 10 feet tall by 10 feet wide, good fall color; 1986 UMN introduction, First Editions® Firedance™ - 4 feet tall by 5 feet wide, good fall color, compact form, 'Isanti' - 6 feet tall by 10 feet wide, good fall color, compact form, hardy to zone 2; 1971 UMN introduction, 'Kelseyi' - 3 feet tall by 3 feet wide, compact form, 'Flaviramea' - 8 feet tall by 10 feet wide, red-purple fall foliage, 'Silver and Gold' - 8 feet tall by 10 feet wide, green and creamy white variegated foliage, Kathy Zuzek, former Extension educator; Beth Berlin, former Extension educator; and Julie Weisenhorn, Extension educator. sericea 'Bergeson's Compact'): A compact habit reaching 4 to 6 feet hig, good fall color and red winter stems. Redosier dogwood is also used in plantings for wildlife as its berries attract and are eaten by birds and mammals. Red-twig dogwood tolerates a range of soil conditions, including wet and dry sites, and is also air pollution tolerant. sericea) is our most widespread native species, occurring over most of the continent except for the southern Great Plains and the southeast. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Native Americans use the inner bark in tobacco mixtures in the sacred pipe ceremony. use escape to move to top level menu parent. Opposite leaves with rounded bases are ovate to lance-shaped and dark green, turning a dull red, purple-red, or orange in autumn. Cornus sericea ssp. Today we're back in our SW Michigan Swamp looking for Red Osier Dogwood. Poplar, red maple, red osier dogwood and many other high quality browse species will thrive in slightly acidic soil, or those species wouldn't be growing in their current conditions in many locations already. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. It is easy to propagate, grows quickly, and has wildlife value. Cornus sericea (Red osier dogwood) Mainly a higher mountain shrub in the West, Red osier gets little medicinal attention these days…even in the past it was a folk medicine of folk medicines. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. Not only a great landscape feature and habitat plant, Red Osier Dogwood is also excellent for slope stabilization or planting in ditches, bogs or wetlands. Red-osier dogwood is easy to spot in wetlands in winter, with its red stems and blueish fruits that resist rot and persist long after the fruits of other species have dropped. Easily transplanted, quite adaptable to many soils, but likes moisture, full sun to light shade, easily grown United States. It does well in areas that are seasonally inundated with water. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus.

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